in a High-Risk Cohort for Lung Cancer
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of exercise on long-term smokers in reducing lung cancer risk.
- Male and females aged 55 to 79 years old
- Current or former smokers with a 20-pack year smoking history (equals 1 pack a day for 20 years, 2 packs a day for 15 years, etc) and smoked within the last 15 years
- Sedentary Lifestyle: fewer than 60 minutes of participation in moderate intensity physical activity each
- Health Status: participants must be free of severe heart, respiratory (e.g. COPD), or systemic disease that would make moderate intensity exercise participation unsafe
The purpose of this study is to see if benralizumab (biologic drug), given as injections under the skin, can help control your Hypereosinophilic Syndrome (HES) better if it is added to available standard of care HES medications which you may be currently taking.
HES (Hypereosinophilic Syndrome) is a disease characterized by high levels of eosinophils (a particular type of white blood cell) in your blood and a build-up of eosinophils in some organs and tissues (like skin, heart, lungs, intestines or others) causing their dysfunction.
The duration of the study will last 18 months.
- Eosinophil (a type of white blood cells) count ≥ 1000 cells/μL at screening
- Documented diagnosis of Hypereosinophilic Syndrome (HES)
- History of persistent eosinophilia >1500 cells/μL (at least 2 examinations, interval ≥1 month)
- End organ manifestations attributable to the eosinophilia
Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria varies, please contact Study Coordinator for more information.
The purpose of this study is to learn more about how vaping behaviors can affect lung function, symptoms during exercise and activity levels.
You will attend five study visits at OSU (three in the beginning of the study and two after one year). Each visit lasts 1.5 – 4 hours. Study visits will include filling surveys, lung function testing, exercise testing, providing urine samples, and measuring how you vape.
- Current e-cigarette user (daily vaping for at least the past 3 months)
- 21-25 years old
- Normal weight (BMI < 25) or obese (BMI >30)
- Willing to attend 5 study visits to OSU over the course of 1 year
- Willing to abstain from all tobacco and nicotine for at least 12 hours prior to lab sessions
- No lung, heart, thyroid, or neuromuscular problems and no diabetes diagnosis
- Staying within the Columbus/Central Ohio region for the next year
The purpose of this study is to examine why some people have better lung function than others as young adults during the period of peak lung health (ages 25 to 35 years old). The long-term goal of this study is to come up with ideas about how to promote the best possible lung function in young adults.
Participation in this study will be 4.5 years.
• Men and women aged 25-35 years old at time of examination
• Able to read and understand English or Spanish
• Have a social security number
• Severe asthma or other chronic lung disease
• Diagnosed cardiovascular disease
• History of cancer other than non-melanoma skin cancer
• Currently pregnant
RheOx (Gala Therapeutics, Inc.) is an investigational device designed to reduce cough and mucus production through a minimally-invasive procedure. The procedure is performed through a bronchoscope, a thin flexible tube that is inserted through the mouth into the lungs. Once in place, RheOx delivers short bursts of electrical energy to the inner walls of the bronchi, eliminating the mucus-producing cells. Over the next several days, new cells grow and produce less mucus. The right lung is treated first, followed by treatment of the left lung about 1 month later.
RheOx has been studied in three clinical trials and has shown a significant improvement in quality of life and a reduction in cough and mucus at 12 months.
You may be eligible if:
-You are at least 35 years of age.
-Have chronic bronchitis, defined as productive cough for three months in each of two successive years, whereas other causes of productive cough have been ruled out
-You are receiving guideline directed pharmacotherapy which includes one or more long acting bronchodilator (LAMA, LABA) with or without an inhaled corticosteroid for at least 8 weeks prior to randomization
-You have a cigarette smoking history of at least ten pack years.
-Other criteria that will be reviewed by the study team
You will not be eligible if you have:
- A known unresolved lower respiratory tract infection (e.g., pneumonia, mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection (MAI), fungus, tuberculosis).
- A steroid-dependent condition requiring more than 10 mg of oral corticosteroid per day.
- Any implantable electronic device (e.g., pacemaker, cardioverter defibrillator, neuro-stimulation devices).
- A history of arrhythmia within past two years which includes tachy-atrial arrhythmias, any ventricular tachy-arrhythmias, or sinus bradycardia with heart rate less than 45 beats per minute.
- Unresolved lung cancer.
- A pulmonary nodule or cavity that in the judgement of the Primary investigator may require intervention during the course of the study.
- Had prior lung surgery, such as lung transplant, LVRS, lobectomy, lung implant/prosthesis, metal airway stent, valves, coils or bullectomy. Prior pneumothorax without lung resection, pleural procedures without surgery, or segmentectomy are acceptable.
- Asthma based on Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) criteria.
- Smoked (including tobacco, marijuana, e-cigarettes, vaping, etc.) within the last 6 months.
- Unable to walk over 238 feet in 6 minutes.
- Uncontrolled GERD.
- Had prior severe respiratory infection with SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) that required ICU support with non-invasive and/or invasive mechanical ventilation.
- A known allergy to nickel.
- Other criteria will be reviewed by the study team
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of a device called the RejuvenAir® System, developed for patients with chronic bronchitis. The primary objective of this trial is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the RejuvenAir® System for the treatment of adult subjects with a diagnosis of CB defined as COPD with classic 3 months of cough and sputum production for a minimum of 2 years who demonstrate ongoing symptoms of cough and significant mucus production. You will be in the study for approximately 36 months, including the screening period.
Inclusion Criteria: 1. Males and females 40-80 years of age 2. Must demonstrate daily cough and significant mucus production 3. Have had a diagnosis of chronic bronchitis (CB) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for a minimum of two years. (CB is defined clinically as chronic productive cough for 3 months in each of 2 successive years in a patient in whom other causes of productive cough have been excluded) 4. Smoking history of at least 10 pack years 5. Non-smoking for a minimum of 2 months prior to consent and agrees to continue not smoking for the duration of the study Exclusion Criteria: 1. Have had an acute pulmonary infection, exacerbation or pneumonia requiring medical treatment (with antibiotics and/or steroids) within 4 weeks prior of initially planned study bronchoscopy 2. Diagnosis of Asthma 3. You have had any type of transplant procedure 4. Use e-cigarettes, vaping or inhaled substances not prescribed by a physician RejuvenAir® System 5. You are pregnant, nursing, or planning to get pregnant during study * This is a not a complete list of either inclusion or exclusion criteria
The purpose of this study is to learn more about the effect of switching to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) on changes in smoking behaviors and health. The study will enroll up to 453 smokers. In this study, you would attend eight study visits at OSU over the course of 1 year.
- Must be a smoker - Must be 21 years old or older - Willing to attend 8 study visits to The Ohio State University over the course of a year - Plan to live in Ohio for at least a year
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Nuvaira System, which is made by Nuvaira, Inc., for Targeted Lung Denervation (TLD) Therapy.
The primary purpose of conducting this study is to see if TLD Therapy in addition to optimal medical care (daily breathing medications you have been prescribed by your doctor) is better at reducing a moderate or severe worsening of symptoms (known as an COPD flare-ups or exacerbations) and related hospitalizations than optimal medical care (daily breathing medications you have been prescribed by your doctor) alone.
• Between 40 and 75 years of age
• Non-smoking for a minimum of 2 months prior to consent and agrees to not smoke for the duration of the study
• Diagnosis of COPD with 30% ≤ FEV1 <60% of predicted and FEV1/FVC <70% (post-bronchodilator)
• SpO2 of at least 89% on room air at the time of screening
• Has a documented history of having minimally been taking a regular respiratory maintenance medication for at least 12 months at the time of consent; medications will be reviewed by study team
• If you have participated in a formal pulmonary rehabilitation program recently, program completion should have occurred more than 3 months prior to consent; if in a maintenance program, you will agree to continue your current program through your 12-month follow-up visit;
• Additional criteria will be reviewed by the study team
Involvement in this study will last approximately 62 months.
The study is being done to learn more about how certain smokers develop COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. By studying microscopic particles (extracellular vesicles) in the blood and lung fluid from smokers we can learn more about this process. This information could lead to better understanding of how smoking damages the lungs and could ultimately help design treatments for people with or at risk for COPD
- 21 years of age and older
- Current Smoker with at least 10 pack year history
- With or without diagnosis of COPD
- Willing to participate in bronchoscopy procedure
- Not currently diagnosed interstitial lung disease (i.e. sarcoidosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), lung cancer, primary pulmonary hypertension or have active cardiac disease
This is a study to determine risk factors for developing lung disease in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Specifically we are researching factors that lead to the development of Acute Chest Syndrome, a pneumonia-like illness that affects many children with SCD.
--Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)
--under the age of 19