The purpose of PREVENTABLE is to learn if taking a statin could help older adults live well for longer by preventing dementia, disability, or heart disease. The duration of the study will last 5 years.
- Community-dwelling adults
- Age ≥75 years
- English or Spanish as primary language
- Clinically evident cardiovascular disease defined as prior myocardial Infarction (MI), prior stroke, prior revascularization procedure, or a secondary prevention indication for a statin (clinician determined)
- Hospitalization for a primary diagnosis of heart failure in the prior 12 months (Note: History of heart failure in the absence of recent hospitalization or clinically evident cardiovascular disease is not an exclusion)
- Dementia (clinically evident or previously diagnosed)
- Dependence in any Katz Basic Activities of Daily Living [ADL] (with the exception of urinary or bowel continence)
- Severe hearing impairment (preventing phone follow up)
- Unable to talk (preventing phone follow up)
Exclusion Criteria varies, please contact Study Coordinator for more information.
The purpose of this study is to examine whether fear of uncertainty plays a role in home safety practices among firearm owners who are currently or have recently served in the U.S. military.
- Currently serving in any Branch or Component of the U.S. military, or were discharged from the U.S. military within the past 90 days
- 18 years or older
- Own at least one firearm located in your home or vehicle
- Are able to speak and understand the English language
- Have an Apple or Android smartphone
in a High-Risk Cohort for Lung Cancer
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of exercise on long-term smokers in reducing lung cancer risk.
- Males and females aged 55 to 77 years old
- Current or former smokers with a 20-pack year smoking history (equals 1 pack a day for 20 years, 2 packs a day for 15 years, etc) and smoked within the last 15 years
- Sedentary Lifestyle: fewer than 60 minutes of participation in moderate intensity physical activity each
- Health Status: participants must be free of severe heart, respiratory (e.g. COPD), or systemic disease that would make moderate intensity exercise participation unsafe
- Not currently undergoing cancer treatment
- Not currently taking Immunosuppressants, bisphosphonates, steroids, or probiotics
- No plan to change smoking status
This study will examine the effect of different e-cigarettes on product appeal.
- A current e-cigarette user
- 21-24 years old
- Willing to attend a study visit
- A current smoker
- 25-50 years old
- Willing to attend a study visit
- Willing to try e-cigarettes
The purpose of this study is to examine health outcomes in former Ohio State University athletes who played a varsity sport during their time at OSU. The objective is to determine whether athletes who sustained a concussion have different health outcomes than those who did not sustain a concussion. Any former OSU varsity athlete can participate in a 20-minute online survey.
- Anyone who has played a varsity sport as an undergraduate student at OSU, and they have now graduated (i.e., OSU athlete alumni). There are no other restrictions in terms of age, sex/gender, type of sport, etc.
The purpose of this study is to see if the bonus safety messages and the amount of app use predicts safe driving attitudes and behaviors at licensure. We are recruiting Ohio teens with learner's permits to use a free driver training app called DRVN.
- Must have learner's permit to drive in Ohio
The purpose of this study is to lower the rate of type 2 diabetes in rural Appalachia youth due to obesity and/or being overweight. Our long-term goal is to improve the health of underserved, high-risk youth.
This study will test the effectiveness of the Mentored Planning to be Active + Family on physical activity outcomes and health outcomes among rural Appalachian middle school aged youth suffering from either overweight or obesity.
We have local high school-aged teen mentors work closely with middle school youth to increase social support, self-efficacy, and self-regulation skills to sustain physical activity and improve health before the children enter high school.
The peer mentoring is followed by a 6-month family reinforcement program.
Some parents will provide child assessment data of perceived child physical activity behaviors and child health.
- Child has access to a computer or tablet device at home for virtual mentoring sessions/meetings
- Child suffers from overweight or obesity - does not need to be under the care of a health care professional for this condition
- Child and Parent able to participate read English at a 4th grade level.
- Family not expected to move from rural Appalachia within the 18 months.
This study aims to understand people’s experiences with contraceptive sterilization (such as tubal ligations or vasectomies).
The purpose of this study is to better understand how adults decide to use sterilization as
their main form of birth control. By examining sterilization decisions, this study will
provide a better understanding of how individuals describe and explain their decision
In this study we are interested in learning how people discuss these decisions with their partner, as
well as everyday interactions with their partner, other forms of birth control, and attitudes
about gender more generally.
-Have used tubal ligation or vasectomy as primary contraception, WITHIN the last five (5) years
Participants will be asked to answer a series of questions regarding their experience with
sterilization. Interviews will be digitally recorded by audiotape and will remain
confidential. The duration of the interview will last approximately one hour to one hour
and thirty minutes.
The purpose of this research study is to determine if the use of a pessary or vaginal progesterone will reduce the likelihood of preterm delivery in mothers who are pregnant with twins who have a shortened cervix.
Studies have shown that women pregnant with twins are more likely to deliver their babies preterm (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) compared with women pregnant with only one baby. Babies born preterm have a greater chance of having serious, long-term health problems or dying. A short cervix is more common in women carrying twins. Women who have a short cervix are more likely to deliver their babies preterm. The best treatment for pregnant women with twins who have a short cervix is not known. Some studies have shown that placing a pessary around the cervix or using vaginal progesterone may help to prolong the pregnancy.
- Women who are pregnant with twins
- Are between 16-23 weeks 6 days gestation, based on clinical information and evaluation of the earliest ultrasound
- Vaginal progesterone NOT used during pregnancy OR discontinued prior to 14 weeks gestation