A Study about how the Menthol Cigarette Ban impacts the African American community

Official Title
Assessing the Impact of an FDA Ban on Menthol Cigarettes on Tobacco-Related Health Disparities in African American Smokers
Purpose

The main reason this study is being done is to assess the impact of the FDA’s (and Columbus) menthol ban on African American (AA) communities. This information will provide the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with needed information on the impact of a menthol ban on the population most affected by such a policy. The study will focus on collecting survey data on AA menthol smokers’ perception of a menthol ban, their awareness/accessibility to quitting support, and their willingness to enroll in a future study.

Could this study be right for you?

All participants must be self-identified AAs and then sorted into the following categories:

  • A Current Menthol smoker is defined as someone who regularly smokes menthol cigarette smokers, at least 5 cigs/day for > 1 year.
  • A Former menthol smoker is defined as someone who quit menthol cigarette smoking for >6 months, who previously smoked >5 cigs/day for >1 year.
  • Never-smoker is defined as someone who smoked < 100 cigs in their lifetime (CDC definition) and none for >1 year.

Additional eligibility criteria include:

(1) between 21 and 50 years old; (2) access to a smartphone or email, and (3) reading and speaking English.

Age Range
21 - 50 years

PREVENTABLE

Official Title
PRagmatic EValuation of evENTs And Benefits of Lipid-lowering in oldEr adults
Purpose

The purpose of PREVENTABLE is to learn if taking a statin could help older adults live well for longer by preventing dementia, disability, or heart disease. The duration of the study will last 5 years. 

Could this study be right for you?

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Community-dwelling adults
  • Age ≥75 years
  • English or Spanish as primary language

 

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically evident cardiovascular disease defined as prior myocardial Infarction (MI), prior stroke, prior revascularization procedure, or a secondary prevention indication for a statin (clinician determined)
  • Hospitalization for a primary diagnosis of heart failure in the prior 12 months (Note: History of heart failure in the absence of recent hospitalization or clinically evident cardiovascular disease is not an exclusion)
  • Dementia (clinically evident or previously diagnosed)
  • Dependence in any Katz Basic Activities of Daily Living [ADL] (with the exception of urinary or bowel continence)
  • Severe hearing impairment (preventing phone follow up)
  • Unable to talk (preventing phone follow up)

Exclusion Criteria varies, please contact Study Coordinator for more information. 

Age Range
75 years and up

A Study for Active Military Service Members (or recently served); Examining Uncertainty, Health, and Home Safety Practices

Official Title
Uncertainty and Firearms: Obtaining Secure Storage (UFOS)
Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine whether fear of uncertainty plays a role in home safety practices among firearm owners who are currently or have recently served in the U.S. military.

Could this study be right for you?
  • Currently serving in any Branch or Component of the U.S. military, or were discharged from the U.S. military within the past 90 days
  • 18 years or older
  • Own at least one firearm located in your home or vehicle
  • Are able to speak and understand the English language
  • Have an Apple or Android smartphone 
Age Range
18 - 99 years

A Study to Examine the Effects of Exercise in Reducing Lung Cancer Risk in Long-time Smokers

Official Title
The BE FIT Study: Feasibility of an Exercise Intervention on Microbiome and Immune Function
in a High-Risk Cohort for Lung Cancer

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of exercise on long-term smokers in reducing lung cancer risk.

Could this study be right for you?
  • Males and females aged 55 to 77 years old
  • Current or former smokers with a 20-pack year smoking history (equals 1 pack a day for 20 years, 2 packs a day for 15 years, etc) and smoked within the last 15 years
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: fewer than 60 minutes of participation in moderate intensity physical activity each
  • Health Status: participants must be free of severe heart, respiratory (e.g. COPD), or systemic disease that would make moderate intensity exercise participation unsafe
  • Not currently undergoing cancer treatment
  • Not currently taking  Immunosuppressants, bisphosphonates, steroids, or probiotics
  • No plan to change smoking status

 

Age Range
55 - 77 years

Sweet Spot Study

Official Title
E-cigarette Nicotine Concentration and Forms: Differential Appeal to Smokers versus Non-smokers
Purpose

This study will examine the effect of different e-cigarettes on product appeal.

Could this study be right for you?
  • A current e-cigarette user
  • 21-24 years old
  • Willing to attend a study visit

OR

  • A current smoker
  • 25-50 years old
  • Willing to attend a study visit
  • Willing to try e-cigarettes
Age Range
21 - 50 years

Buckeye Concussion Knowledge Survey (BUCKS)

Official Title
BUckeye Concussion Knowledge Survey (BUCKS)
Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine health outcomes in former Ohio State University athletes who played a varsity sport during their time at OSU. The objective is to determine whether athletes who sustained a concussion have different health outcomes than those who did not sustain a concussion. Any former OSU varsity athlete can participate in a 20-minute online survey.

Could this study be right for you?
  • Anyone who has played a varsity sport as an undergraduate student at OSU, and they have now graduated (i.e., OSU athlete alumni). There are no other restrictions in terms of age, sex/gender, type of sport, etc.
Age Range
18 years and up

Ohio Teen Driver Study

Official Title
Leveraging DRVN driver training app to reduce risky driving intentions in novice teen drivers
Purpose

The purpose of this study is to see if the bonus safety messages and the amount of app use predicts safe driving attitudes and behaviors at licensure. We are recruiting Ohio teens with learner's permits to use a free driver training app called DRVN. 

Could this study be right for you?
  • Must have learner's permit to drive in Ohio
Age Range
15 - 17

Mentoring to be Active: Peer Mentoring for Rural Appalachian Children to Reduce Overweight and Obesity

Official Title
Mentoring to be Active: Peer Mentoring for Rural Appalachian Children to Reduce Overweight and Obesity
Purpose

The purpose of this study is to lower the rate of type 2 diabetes in rural Appalachia youth due to obesity and/or being overweight. Our long-term goal is to improve the health of underserved, high-risk youth.

This study will test the effectiveness of the Mentored Planning to be Active + Family on physical activity outcomes and health outcomes among rural Appalachian middle school aged youth suffering from either overweight or obesity.

We have local high school-aged teen mentors work closely with middle school youth to increase social support, self-efficacy, and self-regulation skills to sustain physical activity and improve health before the children enter high school.

The peer mentoring is followed by a 6-month family reinforcement program.

Some parents will provide child assessment data of perceived child physical activity behaviors and child health.

 

Could this study be right for you?
  • Child has access to a computer or tablet device at home for virtual mentoring sessions/meetings
  • Child suffers from overweight or obesity - does not need to be under the care of a health care professional for this condition
  • Child and Parent able to participate read English at a 4th grade level. 
  • Family not expected to move from rural Appalachia within the 18 months. 
Age Range
12 - 13

Decision Making Among Couples Concerning "Permanent/Irreversible" Birth Control

Official Title
Couple Dynamics Surrounding Contraceptive Sterilization
Purpose

This study aims to understand people’s experiences with contraceptive sterilization (such as tubal ligations or vasectomies).
The purpose of this study is to better understand how adults decide to use sterilization as
their main form of birth control. By examining sterilization decisions, this study will
provide a better understanding of how individuals describe and explain their decision
making process.

In this study we are interested in learning how people discuss these decisions with their partner, as
well as everyday interactions with their partner, other forms of birth control, and attitudes
about gender more generally.

Could this study be right for you?

-Ages 21-55
-Have used tubal ligation or vasectomy as primary contraception, WITHIN the last five (5) years

Participants will be asked to answer a series of questions regarding their experience with
sterilization. Interviews will be digitally recorded by audiotape and will remain
confidential. The duration of the interview will last approximately one hour to one hour
and thirty minutes.

Age Range
21 and up

A Study for Women Who are Carrying Twins (PROSPECT)

Official Title
A Randomized Trial of Pessary and Progesterone for Preterm Prevention in Twin Gestation with a Short Cervix (PROSPECT)
Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to determine if the use of a pessary or vaginal progesterone will reduce the likelihood of preterm delivery in mothers who are pregnant with twins who have a shortened cervix.

Studies have shown that women pregnant with twins are more likely to deliver their babies preterm (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) compared with women pregnant with only one baby. Babies born preterm have a greater chance of having serious, long-term health problems or dying. A short cervix is more common in women carrying twins. Women who have a short cervix are more likely to deliver their babies preterm. The best treatment for pregnant women with twins who have a short cervix is not known. Some studies have shown that placing a pessary around the cervix or using vaginal progesterone may help to prolong the pregnancy.

Could this study be right for you?

- Women who are pregnant with twins
- Are between 16-23 weeks 6 days gestation, based on clinical information and evaluation of the earliest ultrasound
- Vaginal progesterone NOT used during pregnancy OR discontinued prior to 14 weeks gestation

Age Range
18 and up