A Study about Exploring Differences in Attentional Strategies between Autism Spectrum and Neurotypical Individuals in Visual Search Tasks
The purpose of this study is to evaluate if people with autism are different from typical people in the way they pay attention and look for things. They use a special test called the Adaptive Choice Visual Search task to see how people search for things in a picture. In this study, we want to know if people with autism do better or worse than typical people and if they use different strategies to find things. We want to understand why some people with autism are better at paying attention when they look at things.
- Male and females aged 18 to 40 years old
- Normal/corrected vision and color vision
- Autistic participants must be verbal and have an IQ > 70
A Study to Investigate Where Franklin County Residents Overdose and What Supports They Need
The purpose of this study is to identify places where Franklin County residents have had an opioid-related overdose (e.g. home, workplace, coffee shop, grocery story). We also want to identify what resources people want to see in these places (e.g. NaloxBoxes, vending machines, a motion monitoring device) to help people stay safe.
- Male and females aged 18 years or older
- Resident of Franklin County
- Experienced at least one overdose in Franklin County, OH between January 2021 and December 2022
- You suspected your overdose was opioid-related or someone gave you Narcan
- Willing to discuss your overdose experience in a one-on-one interview
- Have access to a private room and an Internet connection, or able to travel to a local public library for the interview
A Study About the Development of Learning in African-American/Black Children
The purpose of this study is to investigate the early development of attention, learning, and memory during childhood. Participation in this study includes 4, 90-minute-long visits to the lab per year. During these visits, your child will play 2-3 fun, computerized games. These games are designed to assess various aspects of their cognitive ability.
The duration of the study will last 4 years.
- African-American/Black children who are 4 years old
A Study to Examine if a Foot Stool can Make it Easier for People with Constipation to have a Bowel Movement (FASED Study)
The purpose of this research study is to see if using a footstool can make it easier to have bowel movements in patients who suffer from chronic constipation. The participants will be given a free footstool to use. They will be asked to keep a record of their bowel symptoms and answer some surveys about their symptoms on a phone or computer.
You will be in the study for approximately 12 weeks. This includes 2 weeks before you start using the footstool, followed by 8 weeks where you will be using the footstool and up to 2 weeks to complete your initial and final surveys.
At least 18 years old
Able to understand English
Symptoms such as feeling incompletely empty after a bowel movement, needing to strain a lot when having a bowel movement or needing to use maneuvers such as rocking one's body back and forth or using their finger to remove stool.
A Study to Examine Sex Differences in Pain Reports and Brain Activation in Older Adults with Alzheimer's Disease
The purpose of this study is to examine how men and women with and without dementia might perceive and respond to pain or discomfort.
Participants may complete various questionnaires by phone or video conferencing once a week for up to 8 weeks with an optional MRI screening.
• Men and women aged 60 years or older
• Dementia or memory issues
Participants and their caregiver (if applicable) may complete only 1 day of the study, or they may complete as many as they would like for up to 8 days total.
A Medication Study for Individuals with Alport Syndrome (AS) and Primary Steroid-Resistant Focal Segmental (FSGS)
The overall objective is to investigate to investigate how safe, how well tolerated, and how effective R3R01 is in treating uncontrolled proteinuria in patients with Alport syndrome and steroid-resistant Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis. All eligible participants will be enrolled to receive R3R01 over a treatment period of 12 weeks. The study will consist of 3 periods, including a screening period of 3 weeks, a treatment period of 12 weeks, and a follow up of period of 12 weeks.
You may be eligible to participate if: • You are aged 18 years or older • Female patients and female partners of male patients willing to not become pregnant for the duration of the study • Have not had an organ transplant and/or on a organ transplant list • Have high protein in urine Alport Syndrome (AS) specific: • Have X-linked AS and autosomal recessive AS • Confirmed diagnosis of AS be genetic testing or kidney biopsy • Do not have another kidney disease FSGS specific: • Not older than 75 years of age • Primary Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) (not caused by other condition) that is confirmed by kidney biopsy or documentation of genetic mutation • Steroid-resistance: previous steroid treatment without remission
Fertility and Contraception Among African Immigrants in the United States
The purpose of the study is to learn about how African immigrants make decisions about childbearing, both individually and as a couple, the role of modern contraception in helping them achieve their fertility desires and the effect of migration on their childbearing desires.
- Nigerian immigrant men and women of reproductive age (18-45 years) and,
- Are in a relationship (dating, engaged or married)
"What do physicians know about intellectual disability?" Getting information to design better medical training
The purpose of this study is to explore the physicians’ knowledge of intellectual disabilities (ID) and their medical training and practice. The information resulting from this study will help to design adequate interventions and training programs for medical students and physicians aimed to improve their ID knowledge and the health care services provided to patients with ID. This is an observational cross-sectional study of physicians in the US using an anonymous online survey. The entire survey has 156 items and will require 15-20 minutes to complete.
- You are an American medical resident, an attending physician, or a medical educator in any type of medical specialization, and - You have or do not have experience with patients with intellectual disabilities
A study on language impairment following a stroke
This NIH-funded project will investigate patient-specific factors that may influence response to therapy for language impairment after stroke, or aphasia. Results from this work will assist with better estimation of prognosis for stroke survivors with aphasia, which could empower patients and families to make more informed health care decisions about how to pursue the most appropriate rehabilitation services based on their unique characteristics, such as genetics, cognitive skills, and brain structure after stroke.
Participants must meet the following criteria:
- Native English speaker
- Able to have an MRI
- Had only one stroke (in the left hemisphere of the brain)
Keto Prescribed+: A Healthy Thinking and Eating Program
Evaluate factors that influence African American women’s healthy lifestyle behaviors and beliefs. A descriptive study using anonymous survey data.
Adult African American/Black women