Buckeye Concussion Knowledge Survey (BUCKS)
The purpose of this study is to examine health outcomes in former Ohio State University athletes who played a varsity sport during their time at OSU. The objective is to determine whether athletes who sustained a concussion have different health outcomes than those who did not sustain a concussion. Any former OSU varsity athlete can participate in a 20-minute online survey.
- Anyone who has played a varsity sport as an undergraduate student at OSU, and they have now graduated (i.e., OSU athlete alumni). There are no other restrictions in terms of age, sex/gender, type of sport, etc.
A Study about Retirement from Contact Sports after Concussion
The purpose of this study is to understand the experiences of children and young adults after medical retirement from contact sports due to concussion(s).
Participants and their parent(s) will complete online questionnaires (about 10 minutes) at the time of enrollment. You will then be scheduled for an interview (about 30 minutes) by video meeting or phone.
- Children and young adults who have retired from contact sports or other high-risk activities (i.e. dirt bike riding, downhill skiing...) due to prior concussion.
- Parents may participate if their child enrolls.
A Study about Eye Teaming, Focusing Ability and Quality of Life
The purpose of this study is to assist in development of a new quality of life survey that can be used to learn more about how eye teaming, focusing ability and eye movement problems affect a child’s life.
- Children experiencing eye teaming, focusing, and eye movement problems (with recent concussion or non-concussed)
- Children with amblyopia (lazy eye) are excluded
Respiratory Effects of E-Cigarettes
The purpose of this study is to learn more about how vaping behaviors can affect lung function, symptoms during exercise and activity levels.
You will attend five study visits at OSU (three in the beginning of the study and two after one year). Each visit lasts 1.5 – 4 hours. Study visits will include filling surveys, lung function testing, exercise testing, providing urine samples, and measuring how you vape.
- Current e-cigarette user (daily vaping for at least the past 3 months)
- 21-25 years old
- Normal weight (BMI < 25) or obese (BMI >30)
- Willing to attend 5 study visits to OSU over the course of 1 year
- Willing to abstain from all tobacco and nicotine for at least 12 hours prior to lab sessions
- No lung, heart, thyroid, or neuromuscular problems and no diabetes diagnosis
- Staying within the Columbus/Central Ohio region for the next year
Assessing Responses to Exercise in the Heat in Trained Women
The purpose of this research study is to conduct exercise in hot and neutral environments on women who are aerobically trained and resistance trained to characterize and compare responses across physiologic, perceptual, and neurocognitive domains. Our rationale for this investigation is that its completion would provide evidence as to how women of different fitness backgrounds respond to exercise in the heat and how that response is different from exercising in thermoneutral conditions to better describe how the female body tolerates exercise in the heat with implications for those in recreation, competitive sports, and occupation that expands to emergency and military services.
Aerobically Trained: having a measured aerobic capacity in the 80th percentile according to age
Resistance Trained: able to squat 120% and bench press 60% of their body weight.
Unacclimatized: participants had not been consistently exposed to hot conditions (i.e., sauna, hot yoga, etc.) in the past 2 months.
A Study for Those With Hip Impingement
Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS), also known as hip impingement, is the most common reason for hip pain in young, active adults. It often causes pain with simple daily tasks like walking and squatting, but most often limits sports and physical activity participation. It is possible that way in which people move may increase their risk for FAIS. It is also possible that different activity patterns cause continued pain in those with FAIS. In order to develop effective rehabilitation programs, we need to figure out if there are patterns of activity (or inactivity) that contribute to pain in individuals with FAIS.
Individuals ages 18-40 years with documentation of medical diagnosis of FAIS, with or without labral pathology and who meet the following criteria:
1. Complaints of hip joint pain, catching, or stiffness with prolonged sitting or standing, walking, squatting, pivoting/twisting, AND
2. Pain reproduced with at least one of three provocative tests: (1) hip flexion with adduction and internal rotation (FADIR), or (2) hip flexion with abduction and external rotation (FABER), or (3) resisted straight leg raise.
Any of the following conditions or surgical history:
1. Previous history of hip surgery, including previous arthroscopy or open procedure on hip, including periacetabular osteotomy (PAO)
2. Medical diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis, hip dysplasia, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, osteonecrosis, or fracture
3. History of hip dislocation
4. Medical diagnosis of bilateral FAIS AND is unable to identify a more symptomatic side
5. History of other lower extremity or spine injury or surgery that required continued care of a medical provider in the previous two years (conditions may have altered activity participation beyond that of the participant’s current hip pain)
A treatment study for chondral lesion in your knee
The purpose of this study is to evaluate 2 different treatments, Mechanical Debridement (i.e., a mechanical shaver that removes areas of damaged tissue) and Radiofrequency Debridement (i.e., electrical energy that removes areas of damaged tissue), used to treat the chondral lesion in your knee.
You may be eligible for this study if you:
• Are 18 - 50 years of age
• Suspected chondral damage in the following locations where debridement is indicated:
o Medial femoral condyle
o Lateral femoral condyle
• 1 or more chondral lesion(s) as noted on MRI
• Previous chondral treatment in the same compartment (prior debridement and lavage performed more than three months prior to baseline are acceptable)
• Pregnant and/or intending to become pregnant during this study period
A Study About Recovery After ACL Reconstruction (RARE)
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in your knee can be injured and treated with an ACL reconstruction surgery. An ACL reconstruction may impact function, muscle strength, the way you move, and knee joint health. However, outcomes at 2 years after ACL reconstructions in young persons are not well-understood. Findings from this study will provide information regarding the clinical, function, muscle strength, and movement patterns after ACL injury and reconstruction to help inform physicians and physical therapists who work with these patients.
You may be eligible if:
1. You are between the ages of 16-35 years old
2. 2 years (+/- 8 months) status post ACL Reconstruction
3. Regularly participated in physical activity prior to their ACL injury
A Treatment Study for Damaged Knee Cartilage Requiring Repair-- Hyalofast with BMAC
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate an investigational procedure for treatment of damage to the cartilage in your knee, also called a defect or lesion, which requires repair. If eligible, you will receive one of two possible arthoscophy procedures. You may be assigned to receive the study procedure to implant Hyalofast® scaffold in your knee together with cells from your own bone marrow, called Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate, or BMAC. Bone marrow is the substance found inside your bones that among other things helps to make blood cells. The other possible procedure is called Microfracture and is one of the current standard of care options to treat your condition.
-Ages 18 to 60.
-Patient’s body mass index (BMI) is <35 kg/m2
-Patient has a symptomatic lesion of the femoral condyle (medial and/or lateral) or femoral trochlea that is between 1--6 cm2 on screening images confirmed by the independent radiologist
-Patient is using only nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or acetaminophen/paracetamol during the month before signing the informed consent form to treat knee pain
-Patient is willing to use other pain medication rather than NSAIDS for 6 months post-surgery (e.g. acetaminophen, or narcotic analgesics, if prescribed). Post-surgical use of aspirin for clot prevention is acceptable.
-Patient is willing to restrict pain medication after 6 months post-surgery to NSAIDs or acetaminophen/paracetamol only through the end of the trial
-No history of previous microfracture or other cartilage repair procedure on study knee
-Not currently pregnant or expecting to become pregnant in the next 12 months
-No diagnosis of advanced osteoarthritis
Follow-up Study for Those Who Have Undergone (or Will Undergo) the Subchondroplasty (SCP) Knee Procedure
A study for those who will (have undergone) the Subchondroplasty (SCP) procedure for their knee. SCP is a procedure performed on subjects who have bone marrow lesions(BMLs). BMLs are subchondral defects in the bone, also called Insufficiency Fractures. This follow-up study will collect information on the short- and long-term safety and effectiveness of the SCP procedure.
- 18 years of age or older
- Considered to be a candidate for SCP procedure by your surgeon
- Have agreed to undergo the SCP procedure or has already undergone the procedure
- Willing and able to sign a written consent form
- Has the ability and the willingness to contribute follow-up outcome data